Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs: Introduction (01:03)
The hierarchy of needs provides concrete ways to look at the individual. Hear examples of the hierarchy of needs in various work environments.
Introduction to the Hierarchy of Needs (04:26)
Abraham Maslow grew up in a dysfunctional family. Our behavior and focus centers around the most urgent unmet need; we have deficiency needs and being needs. The hierarchy of needs is the foundational element of human science and is known as the third force in psychology.
Physiological needs must be met in order to survive; they are at the bottom of Maslow's pyramid. We only pursue higher order needs when minimal needs are met; physiological needs have a hierarchy.
Safety and Security (04:25)
Hurricane Katrina victims are an example of people whose focus changed from higher end needs to lower end needs. When seeking security, items that remind you of a comfortable past become more attractive. The hierarchy of needs provides a base model for studying cultures and societies.
Love and Belonging (04:14)
The need to be accepted, cared for, and loved is a social aspect of human beings. Individuals in a hospital or rehab center still feel the need to belong and be valued. We can use the hierarchy of needs to better understand ourselves.
Esteem needs can be internal and external. Individuals in the U.S. often need to feel competent at work, at school, and in social settings. Not meeting esteem needs could undermine physical health.
We are at the highest level of the hierarchy of needs when we pursue that which makes our lives meaningful and we can focus on the world around us. Self-actualization is the difference between a peaceful death and an anxiety ridden death.
Application of the Hierarchy of Needs (01:19)
Be aware that you have these psychological needs. Maslow's hierarchy provides a model that can help us build a better society.
Credits: Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs (01:26)
Credits: Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
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