Religion, Politics, and Law: Introduction (02:08)
In a recent study, 69 percent polled felt liberals had gone too far in keeping religion out of the classroom. Gabriel Acevedo explains how religion, politics, and law are intertwined. Bob Gammage describes religion's influence.
Mixing Religion and the State (02:23)
Learn the differences between religion, politics, and law. King Hammurabi believed he was chosen by god to lead his people. Many civilizations attribute their holy texts to divine revelation.
Abraham: the Father of Us All (02:34)
Judaism, Christianity, and Islam all originated with Abraham. Acevedo explains how each text was written for a different type of people: the Torah was created for nomads and the Bible a more urban audience. The Qur’an combines the teachings of Muhammad with Sharia law.
Today, over four billion people consider themselves Jewish, Christian or Muslim. David Law describes how America's tort system is rooted in the bible. After Constantine beat Maxentius with the aid of Christian soldiers, he issued the Edict of Milan, legalizing Christianity.
Roman Empire Fell (02:36)
Pope Leo crowned Charlemagne as Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire. Woody Carlson explains how the Roman Catholic Church created a tiered organizational system in each territory of Europe. Islam spread in Africa and Asia during the same time— during the Crusades a war emerged between Catholics and Muslims who both believed they were acting on God's will.
Greek Orthodox Church (02:23)
The Greek Orthodox religion believes Jesus Christ is the head of the church. When the King refused to accept Pope Innocent's appointee as the Archbishop of Canterbury, the Pope placed an Interdict on England. Land barons forced King John to sign the Magna Carta.
The Inquisitions (03:15)
King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella sought to purify Christianity— the Inquisitions lasted over 300 years. Martin Luther's "95 Theses" led to the Protestant Reformation. John Dunne explains that as science gains more knowledge, religion loses authority.
Puritans Come to America (02:49)
In colonial America, governors and leaders had to belong to the church. The founding fathers drafted a government with three equal branches: executive, legislative, and judicial. The Constitution grants religious freedom, but insists it must remain separate from the state.
Schools in America (04:12)
The Land Ordinance of 1785 insisted that churches and schools be built separately. Karl Marx called religion "the opium of the people". Fundamentalists believe in a strict literal interpretation of scripture— in 1925, John Scopes was arrested after teaching evolution.
Religion and Law (02:19)
Melvin Belli quotes the Bible in a courtroom to give his argument validity and demonstrate to the Jury that his client is in the right. Murray v. Curlett banned Bible reading in public schools.
After receiving illegal abortions, some women bled to death or were unable to have children. Craig Washington explains the ramifications of Roe v. Wade. Carlson describes how lobbyists attempt to harness religious figures and communities for political purposes.
Separation of Church and State (04:30)
Religious groups use slogans like "family values", "the religious right", and "the moral majority" to illicit support. President John F. Kennedy gave a speech to the First Baptist Church stating that he would interfere with their religion.
Credits: Religion, Politics, and Law (00:48)
Credits: Religion, Politics, and Law
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