In the Beginning (04:30)
Urbanization and industrialization led to hospital-based care and increased social health problems. During the Crimean War, Florence Nightingale helped improve unsanitary hospital conditions, reducing the death count. Her writings sparked healthcare reform and she established St. Thomas' Hospital and a training school for nurses; she died in 1910.
In Times of War (03:39)
American nurses are present in war times; often near the front lines. The Army School of Nurses was established by WWI and the number nursing schools soon increased. Clara Barton was a nurse during the Civil War and founded the American Red Cross.
Need for Education (05:39)
Almshouses evolved into hospitals and countries around the world began developing nursing training schools. Today, three education paths are available for nurses. Linda Richards created a system of individualized patient charting at Bellevue Hospital and started nurse training programs around the world.
Nurses Unite (02:10)
Organizations represent nurses on state, national, and international levels. Technology helps nurses connect, communicate, and collaborate, and provides a platform for education. In 1879, Mary Eliza Mahoney became the first African American nurse.
Diversifying Roles (05:09)
Lillian Wald founded the Henry Street Settlement House; public health nursing grew. WWI nursing skills transferred to specialty fields and nurses soon began assuming greater responsibility in hospitals. Nursing opportunities are on the rise. Virginia Lynch is the pioneer of forensic nursing, further expanding nursing roles.
Review the history of nursing, nursing education, and nursing opportunities discussed in this video.
Credits: The American Nurse: A History of Challenge and Compassion (01:39)
Credits: The American Nurse: A History of Challenge and Compassion
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