The Myth of Quetzalcóatl (03:29)
Quetzalcóatl required Moctezuma to give back the empire the Aztecs guarded for the god returning from the East; the Mexicas recognized the Spaniards as barbarians, offering gifts and attacking as the Spaniards advanced toward Tenochtitlan.
Prophetic Year (04:06)
The year One-Cane was associated with the gods and unusual happenings. The reported arrival of Cortés impressed the natives until they realized the Spaniards were human; Moctezuma doubted and allowed Cortés to advance.
Quetzalcóatl's Return (02:45)
The comet impressed Moctezuma as a sign and warning to prepare his empire for the return of Quetzalcóatl. Moctezuma received reports of other omens.
Cortés' Arrival at Tenochtitlán (01:35)
Moctezuma met Cortés at the entrance to Tenochtitlán in 1519. The Spaniards were amazed at the civilization, a prize for the Conquistadors.
Spaniards in the House of Axocayácatl (03:28)
Moctezuma lodged the Spaniards in the house of his father to distance himself and guard the visitors. When the Spaniards insist on placing an image of the Virgin and St. Christopher in the Major Temple, the priests lose confidence in Moctezuma.
Moctezuma Captured (04:10)
Moctezuma insists on the superiority of the Aztec gods. On Moctezuma's second visit, Cortés takes him prisoner; he acts as governor for six months.
Co-Government in Tenochtilán (02:21)
Cortés envisioned cooperation with Moctezuma for further conquests in China. Moctezuma and Cortés went hunting during the six months of co-government.
Narváez Arrives in Veracruz (03:13)
The governor of Cuba sends Narváez to arrest Cortés for treason. Cortés leaves Pedro de Alvarado in charge at Tenochtitlán. After the massacre at the Major Temple and Moctezuma's loss of prestige, the Aztecs revolt while half of the Spanish forces are away.
Moctezuma's Loss of Prestige (02:37)
Guilhem Olivier believes Moctezuma planned to attack while Cortés' forces were divided. As prisoner of Cortés, Moctezuma lost prestige and divinity, emphasized by his absence at the sacred festival before the Templo Mayor.
The Night of Sorrows (03:21)
Cortés defeats Narváez at Cempoála and returns to Tenochtitlán with more troops, only to find the city in revolt. In 1520, the Spaniards try to escape from the city after the death of Moctezuma, losing many men and treasure.
Cortés Plans the City's Conquest in Tlaxcala (03:02)
Cortés cries under the Tree of Defeat. Blas Botello predicted the date for the escape from Tenochtitlán. Cortés acquired more native allies, built ships to cross the lake and attack from land and water. In 1521, after a three month siege, the city surrendered.
The Fall of Tenochtitlán (03:03)
Cortés concentrates his forces in nearby Tlaltenoco. On August 13, 1521, Cuatemoc, is captured and asks to be sacrificed; they torture him instead.
Capital of New Spain (03:51)
Cortés builds his command center on the ruins of Moctezuma's palace and the Cathedral over the Temple of Quetzalcóatl. New Spain stands atop the ruins of the Aztec Empire’s center of power. Cortés assumes role of Tlatoani.
Credits: The Fall of Tenochtitlán: The Conquest-Part 2 (01:25)
Credits: The Fall of Tenochtitlán: The Conquest-Part 2
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