Yepamasa Origin Myth (02:37)
Hear how an indigenous group arrived to the Amazon Basin. They follow sustainable lifestyles in the rain forest and pass traditional knowledge down from generation to generation. (Credits)
Conservation Categories (03:15)
The Amazon is the largest continuous forest on Earth, comprises 60% of Brazil's territory, and is inhabited with people. Ecological stations and parks restrict human populations, while REVEX reserves allow resource extraction and sustainable traditional communities.
Adding Value to Amazon Trees (03:55)
Reserva Extrativista administrators are developing a conservation management system so that local families can harvest wood sustainably for income, medicine, and food. Artisans carve animals to sell. Farmer Manoel de Souza is proud of living in a conservation area.
Amazon Ecosystem (02:41)
The rain forest grows on chemically poor soil and is fragile. Resource overuse threatens livelihoods and habitats.
Amazon Fishery Management (04:59)
Using traditional knowledge, fishermen are working with scientists and conservationists to implement sustainable methods and prevent over fishing. The Mamiraua Project has reduced smuggling and the pirarucu population is recovering.
Valuing an Ecosystem (03:12)
Fishermen bring fish to a market and ferry terminal. Hear why the Amazon's biodiversity, canopy, and underground aquifers have intrinsic economic worth. Its resources must be used to prevent clear cutting.
Amazon Development Debate (03:05)
Academics discuss how to plan sustainable forest projects. An agricultural engineer arrived in 1968 to manage deforestation for planting crops. American investors installed a pulp plant along the river to produce high quality cellulose paper from eucalyptus trees.
Sustainable Forest Management Methods (04:14)
When production was temporarily halted at a cellulose pulp plant, Grupo Orsa began selling wood. They only harvest a few trees per hectare, allow trees to regenerate for 30 years, and log according to natural clearing patterns.
Marketing Sustainably Harvested Wood (01:51)
Illegally logged trees are sold cheaply for construction in Brazil. Grupo Orsa cannot compete domestically, but sells internationally. Each tree is numbered and tracked in the certification process.
Cattle in the Amazon (02:53)
Global demand for grain and meat will continue to increase, increasing deforestation. The Brazilian government provided funding for ranchers to clear cut rain forest areas in Para.
Sustainable Agriculture in Paragominas (04:33)
When the cattle region was added to a deforestation blacklist in 2008, local organizations agreed to halt clear cutting. Ranchers are now raising livestock more intensively, while maintaining profits.
Brazil's Forest Code Debate (02:23)
Paulo Moutinho says economic arguments against conservation and sustainable forestry are similar to those used against ending slavery in the 19th century. Many agriculturists believe clear cutting is the way forward.
Japanese Brazilian Agroforestry Model (03:51)
Farmer Hakime Yamada's parents emigrated in the 1920s in search of opportunity. Tome-Acu cooperative members specialized in black pepper until a disease decimated the crop. They diversified and now sell cocoa, acai, and rubber to Japanese markets.
Working with the Forest (03:47)
Japanese Brazilian farmers coexist with the Amazon wilderness and use the ecosystem, rather than clear cutting it. Some academics see the region as inspiring a new civilization that will live in harmony with nature.
Lessons from the Rubber Cycle (03:24)
The Amazon has the lowest living standard in Brazil. Sustainable development must benefit local communities, rather than continuing the colonial model of exploiting and exporting resources. Rubber farmers discuss sustainable harvesting methods
Developing Riverside Economies (05:11)
Trips in the Amazon take days. Rubber tapping was once slave work. Farmers that moved to the Media Jurua nature reserve have ownership over production, grow their own crops, and trade rubber for basic goods—eliminating long journeys downstream.
Distance Learning in the Amazon (06:15)
Brazilians in the region have a distinct cultural identity. Learn about efforts to improve access to education and technology. Farmer Catarina da Silva dropped out of school when she got pregnant, but now takes English courses online. The program has 14,000 graduates and provides an alternative to urban migration.
Flying Rivers Project (04:06)
Modern production and consumption is unsustainable. Climate changes in the Amazon can be felt around the world. Researchers use hot air balloons to track evaporation and transpiration patterns from the rain forest to determine their impact on the Brazilian economy.
Total Deforestation Scenario (04:43)
Putting an economic value on the Amazon will help justify its existence. Without the forest, the region will transform into a savannah. Brazil would need to surpass the U.S. in technology to compensate for the loss. Learn about carbon sequestration.
Xingu Indigenous Park (03:41)
A tribal land reserve is surrounded by industrial farms; clear cutting has caused ecological degradation and biodiversity loss. Without forest materials, locals cannot grow crops or build homes.
Xingu Farming Project (02:54)
Groups in the Xingu Indigenous Park approached the Social Environmental Institute to improve regional sustainability. They have begun planting seeds in deforested areas and are working with industrial farmers, who have benefited from their traditional knowledge.
Protecting Future Generations (03:27)
Indigenous groups have lived in the Amazon for millennia and have valuable knowledge about ecosystem health. Human civilization depends on smart environmental decisions.
Credits: Amazonia Eterna (05:10)
Credits: Amazonia Eterna
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