Introduction to Public Speaking (03:38)
Public speaking is speaking aloud to an audience of people. This important life skill can be taught and learned.
The Purpose of a Speech (03:39)
Knowing the demographic of an audience is important for preparing a speech because information can be most effectively communicated differently to different groups. For instance, facts about college should be communicated differently to high school students and to working professionals.
Influencing Audience Attitudes (03:22)
Great speakers make connections with the audiences. This can be done by analyzing who the audience is based on facts about ages, interests, and expectations.
Timing is Everything: Recency and Primacy (03:03)
There are two theories regarding human memory and public speaking. Primacy predicts that the audience will be most likely to remember the first information delivered in a speech, while recency predicts the audience will recall the last things they heard in a speech.
Extrinsic and Intrinsic Credibility (04:27)
Audiences evaluate the credibility of speakers by judging whether or not the speaker is trustworthy. If the audience considers the speaker to be credible, they will pay more attention. Extrinsic credibility is based on reputation while intrinsic credibility can be demonstrated during a speech.
Active Listening (03:00)
Focusing physical attention, taking notes, and reviewing key points are instrumental to active listening. Listening to recorded speeches is useful for practicing active listening.
Distractions and Noise (03:33)
To increase the audience's attention level, a public speaker should commit to focusing entirely and avoid awkward body language. Preparation is vitally important to ensure organization and adequate memorization.
Critical Listening (03:07)
Each speech format has an introduction, body, and conclusion. Deciding which framework to use can b e done by understanding what the speech is trying to communicate. A speech intended to change the audience's mind would best work in a persuasive speech format.
Audience Feedback (02:27)
Verbal and nonverbal responses to a speech allow the speaker to know that the speech was understood. Practicing a speech beforehand and analyzing the responses of a practice audience allows for the speaker to determine if the message has been received.
Direct and Indirect Feedback (03:41)
Body language and facial expressions show what the audience is thinking, even if they are not speaking. Positive feedback includes clapping and eye contact. Negative feedback includes heckling or obvious disengagement.
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