What is Education? (01:10)
Education is intended to promote lifelong learning, awaken the talents of the student, create the chance for a future that benefits society and the individual, and develop core values.
What is the Goal of Education? (02:19)
The intention is to broaden the student's horizon and to create opportunities for the pursuit of an occupation that helps society and enriches the life of the individual.
Pedagogical Challenges (02:29)
New York and Los Angeles have low reading proficiency scores. Today's condensed literature books barely expose students to main ideas; much of the material is archaic. The unspoken language of culture is critical in education.
Disparate Curricula and Text (04:25)
History books should include important contributions by black-skinned people, such as the Moors of Africa. Knowledge of the classics, ethics training, saving money, and sacrifice are lacking from curriculum.
Overcoming Inequality (02:46)
Brown v. the Board of Education ruled on discrimination in 1954. Schools in the south are still segregated. Immigrant children do not see the long term benefits of attending school. Long wait lists prevent adult learners from attending community college.
External Pressures and Student Attitude (03:17)
Single parents are not able to devote time to students. Students and teachers face restrictions on dress codes and discipline. Fewer women are becoming teachers.
Politics in Education (02:16)
Jerome Bruner recalls working with Shriver to introduce the concept of Head Start.
Character Education (02:45)
Young people need guidance with finding values and having boundaries. Programs should be built into the system as part of a complete academic education.
No Child Left Behind (01:42)
Many schools have increased remedial math and reading classes and eliminated arts and electives. Standardized testing changed the way students were taught.
Teaching for the Test (02:48)
Federal funding, teaching jobs, and school credibility depended on student's test scores. Graduates are left unprepared for the real world and college.
Innovative Teaching Methods (04:13)
In the Montessori Method of teaching, children learn about tests, but are not tested. Open-ended lessons focus on processes and knowledge is gained through discovery. Waldorf schools have an arts-based curriculum.
Looking Toward the Future (01:33)
Experts offer ideas for changes that need to be made to the education system.
Credits: American Academic Education Today (00:43)
Credits: American Academic Education Today
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