Princess Diana's Death (02:55)
The British people openly mourned the loss of the princess. Fame and celebrity are not the same: celebrities are enjoyed for a time while the truly famous leave a lasting memory in the mind of the public.
Cult of the Hero (03:18)
People are fascinated with extraordinary, god-like figures. Captain Frances Drake was a state-sanctioned pirate and became a hero when he returned home with a bounty of treasure. A portrait of Drake communicated his fame to far-reaching territories.
Portrait of Frances Drake (03:27)
An expert describes the image that arrived in Ferrara in 1588 as a piece of folk art. It exemplifyies the way popular culture esteemed Drake.
Faces That Shaped Britain (04:00)
At country estate in Buckinghamshire, Viscount Cobham created a theme park that allowed visitors to marvel over historic buildings and temples dedicated to philosophers. He displayed an array of national British heroes from Drake to Walter Raleigh.
Shakespeare's Kiss of Life (03:52)
Commoners and the elite celebrated the British theater and William Shakespeare's contribution. Actor David Garrick changed the way people understood Shakespeare using body language and powerful speech. His portrait was immortalized by William Hogarth.
Creating a Celebrity Culture (02:28)
Garrick and Hogarth turned Garrick's portrait into prints. Garrick bound his image to that of Shakespeare, piggybacking fame and defining what it meant to be a British actor.
Self-Promoter: Kitty Fisher (04:01)
A young British prostitute, Fisher devised a plan to garner public attention; she tumbled from her horse and exposed herself in front of many people. Print-makers recorded the event and the result was sensational. Joshua Reynolds painted Fisher's portrait and became a celebrity.
Celebrity Painting (04:01)
Reynolds posed Fisher in portrait as Cleopatra; placing a pearl into a glass of wine. Artists like Reynolds and George Romney vied for the top position in celebrity painting. Romney created images of Emma Hamilton that the public adored.
Types of Fame (03:58)
Hamilton and Horatio Nelson engaged in a scandalous relationship despite both being married. After Nelson's death at the Battle of Trafalgar, a lavish funeral drew the masses.
Cultural Perception (01:57)
Hamilton did not attend Nelson's funeral because she was banned by the state; she died ten years later. By the 19th century, Britain was industrial and historian Thomas Carlyle feared materialism.
Soulless Age of the Machine (02:19)
Carlyle thought the Victorian world had to rediscover the nature of humanity to avoid a "mean and dwarfish culture." He chronicled the history of heroes and eventually created the National Portrait Gallery.
British Destiny (02:17)
William Wilberforce was prominently displayed at the National Portrait Gallery. He acted against material interest, abolishing slavery when money could have been made.
Celebrity Marketing (02:40)
At the turn of the century, British cigarette companies used famous faces to try to win business from rivaling companies. The marketing technique created a fanatical following.
Impresario of Public Craving (02:53)
In the 1920s, Hollywood films offered escapism to the British public. Photographer Cecil Beaton dropped out of college and used his sisters as models. Beaton captured images of women like Greta Garbo and Marilyn Monroe.
Photographing Celebrities (03:20)
Jason Bell photographs A-List celebrities like Keira Knightley. He describes why photographing celebrities is so desirable. Alan Chapman was once a paparazzi photographer.
Cult of Diana (02:03)
Princess Diana was famous and a celebrity. She is a reflection of the British insatiability for celebrity.
Credits: The Face of Fame: Episode 3—The Face of Britain (00:38)
Credits: The Face of Fame: Episode 3—The Face of Britain
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